Website Categorization

Our website categorization automates your web filtering for web browsing protection

Which websites should you filter?

The Clearswift URL Category Database was started in 1996 and was designed to provide accurate website categorization for millions of sites, representing billions of web pages. We add thousands of new categorised sites to the database every day and remove millions of sites per year that no longer exist, ensuring our database is the most accurate reflection of the internet today. The database is a reliable reference for our web filtering products.

If you believe a categorization has been made in error, please log a website categorization review in our Support Portal.

  • Bandwidth

    File Sharing

    Sites which make files available for other users to download over the Internet or smaller private networks. Examples include:

    • Centralized Peer-to-Peer Networks such as Limewire
    • Serverless P2P networks like Gnutella
    • Decentralized client-based networks such as KaZaA, eMule, BitTorrent

    Internet Telephony

    Sites which enable users to make telephone calls via the Internet or obtain information or software for this purpose. These services include PC to PC, PC to phone, and phone-to-phone services connecting via TCP/IP networks.

    Streaming Media

    Sites which host streaming media like television, movies, video, radio, or other media.

  • Corporate

    Intranet

    This category includes Intranet sites within your company which you have defined via the Intranet Sites web reference (see Policy Center > Intranet Sites)

  • Gambling

    Cash Gambling

    Sites which involve the wagering and exchange of money in addition to placing bets or participating in betting pools (including lotteries) online; obtaining information, assistance or recommendations for placing a bet; receiving instructions, assistance or training on participating in games of chance.

    Gambling

    Sites which allow users to place bets or participate in a betting pool (including lotteries) online; obtain information, assistance or recommendations for placing bets; receive instructions, assistance or training on participating in games of chance. Examples include:

    • Online casinos, online betting (anywhere a user can place a bet), online lotteries, games of chance
    • Handicappers, odds, tips, "picks"
    • Sports gambling, "sports books", bookies
    • Charity gambling or fundraising (for example, the Red Cross sponsors an online lottery to raise money)
    • Gambling books and information or how-to-play guides
    • Online gambling magazines
    • Lotteries and lottery numbers
    • Gambling portal pages and online gambling directories
  • Leisure

    Automotive

    Sites which relate to motor vehicles, dealers, sales and clubs. Examples include:

    • Manufacturers of cars, trucks, motorcycles and other forms of transportation
    • Automotive dealers and online shopping for cars, motorcycles, parts & accessories
    • Clubs, associations, and enthusiast sites relating to motor vehicles
    • Official or personal sites relating to motorsports

    Bikini

    Sites which offer the sale of bikinis, mico-kinis, mono-kinis, and thongs which are marketed as beachwear rather than swimwear. Also sites which feature galleries and/or videos of models in bikinis.

    Food & Restaurants:

    Sites which provide information about food, recipes, specialty food shops, catering, and food delivery as well as sites which include information about restaurants and bars. Also included are restaurant guides and reviews.

    Glamour

    Sites which emphasize, promote, or provide information on how to achieve physical attractiveness, allure, charm, beauty or style with respect to personal appearance, including clothes, shoes, hair, make-up and fashion accessories. Examples include:

    • Fashion or glamour portals, directories, magazines or general advice and information sites (distinct from shopping sites)
    • Sites that provide or promote sources of advice or information about how to look better, more stylish, fashionable, attractive or beautiful
    • Body art
    • Sites that discuss, promote or provide news or other information on famous or noteworthy designers of fashion clothing, accessories and shoes. This includes industry sites that promote or provide information on new trends, styles, looks or lines
    • Advice or information on how to buy, find, select or apply beauty supplies and cosmetics
    • Advice or information on how on how to buy, find, select or apply beautifying hair care or hair enhancement products. This includes sites that promote selecting a hairstyle or cut.

    Hobby

    Sites which provide information on private pastimes. Examples include:

    • Pets and pet related sites, e.g. dog breeds
    • Genealogy
    • Collectibles
    • Crafts

    Pets

    Sites and forums related to the care, maintenance, purchase, rescue or breeding of any animal for companionship and enjoyment. The category excludes livestock or laboratory animals which are kept for economic or scientific reasons. Examples include:

    • Pet care
    • Pet products
    • Animal rescue
    • Pet breeding

    Photography (PHOTO)

    Sites related to taking, sharing, printing, studying, or manipulating photos at all levels, whether casual, amateur or professional. Examples include:

    • Types - amateur, enthusiast, casual, professional, business & fine art photos
    • Equipment - digital/conventional cameras, photo processing/manipulation software, dark room equipment
    • Associations - photography clubs, professional organizations
    • Resources - equipment review, techniques, classes/courses
    • Online - photo management and sharing communities (Flickr, Picasaweb)
    • Offline - photo archiving/repair, storage, scanning
    • Photo contests/submissions

    Note: the category excludes galleries of photos on social networking sites.

    Shopping

    Sites which provide the means to purchase products or services online. Products or services that are principally marketed to satisfy industrial or commercial needs are not included in this category. Examples include:

    • Pages offering an item intended for personal usage for sale, with price, description, order number, or some combination thereof
    • Internet malls
    • Online auctions
    • Department / retail stores online catalogs
    • Services meant to benefit the private individual

    Sports

    Sites which promote or provide information about spectator sports. Examples include:

    • Professional sports teams, leagues, organizations, or association sites; player and fan sites
    • Collegiate football, basketball, etc.; men's and women's; team, league, and conference sites; player and fan sites
    • Sites for official Olympic Committees; media Olympic portals
    • Sports portals and directories - scores, schedules, news, statistics, discussion, etc.; spectator sports link aggregations
    • Sports event ticket sales for targeted professional or collegiate sports; sports tourism
    • Online magazines, newsletters, chats and forums for targeted professional and collegiate sports

    Travel

    Sites which promote or provide opportunity for travel planning in a general sense, particularly finding and making travel reservations. Examples include:

    • Travel portals, packages, and information (includes tours, travel clubs and associations, and travel information for specific demographic groups)
    • Air travel (air carriers: tickets/reservations/charters)
    • Sites that facilitate travel-related transportation (tickets/reservations/charters/rentals of trains, buses, boats, motorcycles. Does not include car rentals.)
    • Lodging (includes lodging directories and portals)
    • Travel agents
    • Travel auctions

    Weapons

    Sites which describe or offer for sale weapons including guns, ammunition, firearm accessories, knives and martial arts. Examples include:

    • Online sales of firearms, ammunition, accessories, knives, etc.
    • Descriptions, reviews, specifications of weapons
    • Weapons retailers, manufacturers, auctions, trading centers
    • Instructions for manufacture of weapons

    Wedding

    Sites related to the traditions, customs, planning, and products involved in a marriage or commitment ceremony as well as in civil unions. Examples include:

    • Wedding planning
    • Wedding products
  • Reference

    Art & Museums

    Sites which include art galleries, artists, and museums. All types of visual arts such as painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography are included. Not included in this category are performing arts (covered in Entertainment and Music).

    Education

    Sites which represent schools or other educational facilities, faculty or alumni groups. Examples include:

    • Public and private schools
    • Homeschooling
    • Universities and colleges

    Job Search

    Sites which provide assistance or tools to help to find employment. Examples include:

    • Job search engines/ resume banks
    • Recruiters/ staffing and temp agencies/ referral services
    • Sites promoting career fairs and expos

    Real Estate

    Sites which are commercial in nature and involved in the real estate business. Examples include:

    • Sites of individual brokers and agents
    • Real estate companies
    • Real estate search/property location services
    • Sites offering real estate tips and advice

    Reference

    Sites which contain personal, professional, or educational references. Examples include:

    • Online dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri
    • Maps
    • Language translation sites

    Science

    Sites which provide research materials in the natural and life sciences.

    Search

    Sites which support searching the Internet, news groups, or indices and directories.

  • Social Network

    Blog

    Sites which contain 'blogs' (an abridgment of the term 'web logs'). Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order. Examples include:

    • Commentary on particular subjects such as news or politics
    • Online diaries
    • Photo blogs
    • Audio and video blogs

    Chat

    Sites which offer users the ability to chat online (by broadcasting messages to people on the same site in real time). Examples include:

    • Text-based chat (Internet Relay Chat)
    • Instant Messaging
    • Visual chat rooms

    Forums & Message Boards

    Sites which provide a web application enabling users to participate in the discussion of numerous topics, often in conjunction with online communities. Examples include:

    • Monitored and un-monitored Web forums
    • Message boards
    • Discussion forums
    • Bulletin boards

    Personals Ads & Dating

    Sites which promote or provide opportunity for establishing or continuing romantic or sexual relationships. Examples include:

    • Dating portals
    • Directories
    • Personal ads (general, regional, lifestyle, 900 numbers, personal pages that promote or provide personal ads)
    • Cyber relationships
    • Dating services (includes matchmaking services, e-dating services)
    • International introductions (pen pal agencies, introduction agencies)

    Virtual Community

    Sites which offer a variety of tools and mechanisms to enable a group of people to communicate and interact via the Internet. Examples include:

    • Social networking
    • Chat and Instant Messaging
    • Forums & Messageboards
    • Dating and/or finding likeminded friends
    • Hosting of homepages and other user generated content including audio and video

    Cyberbullying

    Sites or pages where children, teens or adults can electronically (and often anonymously) post targeted, deliberate and slanderous or offensive content about other children, teens or adults with the intent to torment, threaten, humiliate, personally attack or defame them. The content is often sexual, derogatory, or hostile in nature and is submitted via interactive digital technology; it is usually found in private/instant messages, blog posts, websites, social networks or other anonymous message boards.

  • Business & News

    Business

    Site which are sponsored by or devoted to individual businesses not covered by any other categories. Examples include:

    • Aerospace and defense industries
    • Agriculture
    • Biotech and chemical
    • Consumer goods and services
    • Industrial goods and services
    • Textiles
    • Transportation and logistics

    Energy

    Sites which represent companies involved with the production and distribution of energy. Examples include:

    • Oil companies (discovery, production, refining, and distribution)
    • Power companies (public utilities, power plants)
    • Gas companies (discovery, production, refining, and distribution)
    • Alternative energy companies (discovery, production, and distribution)

    Finance and Investment

    Sites which provide the opportunity to establish, plan, research, or manage personal finances and investments. Examples include:

    • Personal finance and investing portals
    • Financial consultants and financial planning firms (includes retirement planning, estate planning, etc.)
    • Sites that promote or provide the opportunity to buy, trade, or sell financial instruments (commodities, futures, mutual funds, stocks, equities, etc) online or offline
    • Stock quotes, tickers, fund rates, etc.
    • Investment and finance guides; tips, and investment models including information for specific types of investors e.g. women's investing, socially responsible investing, etc.
    • Newsletters and publications for individual investors
    • Chats and forums related to investing or finance

    Law

    Sites which offer legal content and services. Examples include:

    • State and regional laws (criminal and civil law)
    • Lawyers, attorneys, legal services, law firms
    • Sites offering consultation in particular areas such as personal injury

    News

    Sites which primarily report, inform, or comment, on current events or contemporary issues of the day. Includes sports, weather, editorials, and human interest news. Examples include:

    • Mainstream news services, daily news, local or regional news
    • Alternative news
    • Internet news broadcasts (audio or video)
    • News oriented online and print magazines or newspapers
    • News services or personalized news
    • Editorials or opinion columns

    Non Profit

    Sites which are owned by non-profit organizations. A non-profit organization (abbreviated "NPO", also "not-for-profit") is a legally constituted organization whose primary objective is to support or to actively engage in activities of public or private interest without any commercial or monetary profit purposes. NPOs are active in a wide range of areas, including the environment, humanitarian aid, animal protection, education, the arts, social issues, charities, health care, politics, religion, research, sports or other endeavours.

  • Drugs, Alcohol & Tobacco

    Alcohol

    Sites which promote or sell alcoholic beverages; supply recipes or paraphernalia to make alcoholic beverages; glorify, tout, or otherwise encourage alcohol consumption or intoxication. Examples include:

    • Drinking games
    • Alcohol retailers
    • Home Brewing/Distilling/Viniculture
    • Recipes/How to drink
    • Manufacturers/producers of alcohol
    • Clubs and associations (both real and farcical)
    • Celebrations of alcohol consumption or intoxication
    • Collectors of beer cans bottle caps, etc.
    • Bars/pubs

    Drugs

    Sites which promote, offer, sell, supply, encourage or otherwise advocate the recreational or illegal use, cultivation, manufacture, or distribution of drugs, pharmaceuticals, intoxicating plants or chemicals and their related paraphernalia. Examples include:

    • How to use recreational drugs
    • Seeds and growing/manufacturing tips
    • Drug Paraphernalia and equipment

    Tobacco

    Sites which encourage, promote, offer for sale or otherwise encourage the consumption of tobacco. Examples include:

    • Retailers
    • Manufacturers/tobacco industry
    • Tobacco products and paraphernalia
    • Smoking is good/glamorous/cool etc.
    • How to smoke/smoking lessons
  • Health

    Abortion

    Sites which provide information or arguments in favor of or against abortion; describe abortion procedures; offer help in obtaining or avoiding abortion; provide testimonials on the physical, social, mental, moral, or emotional effects of abortion. Examples include:

    • Anti-abortion groups, organizations or individual home pages
    • Testimonials or arguments for or against abortion, including personal narratives
    • Discussion of the consequences of having or not having an abortion (much of this is designed to frighten people into not exercising the option)
    • Abortion rights organizations and information
    • Abortion providers; resources for obtaining an abortion
    • Medical information on techniques, practices, complications or other forms of abortion-related healthcare
    • Information on how to induce spontaneous abortion
    • Descriptions of abortion procedures, gratuitously gory or otherwise
    • Moral considerations of "why abortion is wrong"
    • Attempts to vilify or perform character assassination on individuals associated with either the pro-choice or anti-abortion movement, or related issues
    • Self-proclaimed "pregnancy centers" offering counseling (usually counseling against abortion)
    • Services or organizations offering spiritual or religious "healing" to those who have had abortions

    Health

    Sites which provide information or advice on personal health or medical services, health insurance, procedures, or devices; sites which include information on diets, nutrition, therapies and counseling services.

    Sexual Education

    Sites which provide educational information on reproduction and sexual development, sexually transmitted disease, contraception, safe sexual practices, sexuality, and sexual orientation.

  • Miscellaneous

    Advertising

    Sites which provide Internet advertising services. Examples include:

    • Pay-per-click advertising
    • Sponsored ads
    • Search engine marketing
    • Pop-up, pop-under, banner ads

    Content Delivery Network (CDN)

    Sites which are content delivery/distribution networks (CDN) designed to accelerate the delivery of content rich internet pages or large files to end users. This is typically done by deploying geographically dispersed datacenters, each containing copies of the data. Examples include:

    • Commercial organizations offering distributed global delivery of 3rd party audio, video, downloadable objects, applications and real-time media streams
    • Corporate caching servers designed to provide high availability and reliability when delivering content to remote users.

    Plagiarism

    Sites which are primarily designed to allow students to cheat at school by taking the work or ideas of someone else and pass it off as their own. Includes sites that offer free or paid-for written essays, tests and/or term-papers as well as paid-for services for custom written papers.

    Unknown

    To help improve the categorization of URLs the web appliance is able to automatically submit unknown URLs to Clearswift for categorisation. To enable the automatic submission of unknown URLs please see System Center > proxy settings > URL Database.

    Note: Your internal Intranet URLs cannot be automatically categorized. To stop these being submitted they should be added to the Intranet Sites category (see Policy Center > Intranet Sites)

  • Security Risk

    Adware/Spyware

    This category includes Intranet sites within your company which you have defined via the Intranet Sites web reference (see Policy Center > Intranet Sites)

    Sites of domains associated with vendors and distributors of spyware, adware, greyware, and other potentially unwanted advertising software. Some of these domains may run exploits to facilitate the installation of this unwanted software.

    Anonymizer

    Sites which offer anonymous access to websites through a PHP or CGI proxy, allowing users to gain access to websites blocked by corporate and school proxies as well as parental control filtering solutions.

    Criminal Skills

    Sites which provide instruction for threatening or violating the security of property or the privacy of people; also how to avoid complying with legally mandated duties and obligations.

    Theft

    How to steal money, goods, phone services (phreaking), cable or satellite services; shoplifting.

    Lock-picking and burglary

    How to defeat locks, locking mechanisms and alarms; breaking and entering.

    Fraud

    How to create or obtain fake ids and documents; identity theft; credit card number stealing.

    Telephone Crime

    Phone tapping, how to intercept phone calls

    Evading or circumventing the law

    Drug and alcohol testing sabotage, tax protesting, illegal equipment modifications, police radar jamming, smuggling.

    Hacking

    Sites which promote or provide the means to practice illegal or unauthorized acts of computer crime using technology or computer-programming skills. Examples include:

    • Hacker magazines, portals, hangouts: sites that serve the hacking.
    • Warez and 'cracks' (password, software or other) download or trading sites; sites offering cracked or "pre-owned" products for download; sites offering software license keys; trading networks/meeting places for arranging warez trades.
    • Virus creation sites offering authoring, downloads, source code, working viruses, technical descriptions or instructions on writing or distributing malware, botnets or viruses. Excludes bulletin/message boards, mailing lists, discussion groups; general purpose computing message boards that happen to contain virus requests.
    • Sites containing techniques for denial of service, packet sniffing, spoofing, etc.; methods for attacking systems; instructions or source code for compromising machines, systems, networks or data
    • Tools and scripts for hacking

    Malware

    Malware is defined as hostile or annoying software designed with the intent of infiltrating and harming a computer system without the owner's informed consent. Types of Malware include Viruses, Spyware, Trojan horses, and Adware and they are often disguised as legitimate software.

    Phishing

    Sites known to be scams or false sites that often closely resemble legitimate websites. They are usually designed to fraudulently acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and/or credit card details from unsuspecting victims.

  • Violence and Self Harm

    Gore

    Sites which display graphic violence and/or the infliction of pain or injuries. Gross violence towards humans or animals such as scenes of dismemberment, torture, massive blood and gore, sadism and other types of excessive violence.

    Self-Harm

    Sites which describe or discuss ways in which to self harm including eating disorders and self-injury. Examples include:

    Eating disorders sites include:

    • Sites about Anorexia, Bulimia, and Binge eating disorder/compulsive overeating, compulsive over-exercising, pica, prader-willi syndrome, night eating syndrome, body dysmorphic disorder, othorexia and bigorexia.
    • Sites supporting eating disorder as a lifestyle choice covering issues like diet and exercise methods, how to hide your eating disorder, the thin commandments etc.
    • Personal pages, journals, blogs, forums, webrings supporting an eating disorder lifestyle.
    • Picture pages/galleries created for inspiring people with eating disorders, e.g.thinspiration, thinspo

    Self-injury sites include:

    • Sites about self-injury including cutting, punching, hitting, scratching, choking, self-biting, picking at wounds, self-poisoning, etc.
    • Personal pages, forums and clubs that may trigger self-injurious behavior
    • Self injury webrings
    • Pictures of self injury

    Suicide

    Sites which describe or promote suicide. Examples include:

    • Suggestions on how to kill yourself; newsgroups; chat rooms; message boards
    • Descriptions/depictions of methods/systems/machines; instructions
    • Personal stories; suicide diaries; blogs; forums
    • Famous suicides/details of famous suicides
    • Famous suicide spots
    • Glorification or worshipful attitude to suicide

    Violence

    Sites which advocate or provide instructions for causing physical harm to people or property through use of weapons, explosives, pranks, or other types of violence. Examples include:

    • Explosives and bombs: how to manufacture, obtain materials, transport, or seed an area, including but not limited to making explosives using common household items.
    • Pranks, destructive mischief, "revenge," teenage anarchy including but not limited to dangerous chemistry
    • Descriptions or instructions for killing people
  • Computing

    Freeware & Shareware

    Which offer the download of software online. Examples include:

    • Freeware: Complete and functional software that does not require payment.
    • Shareware: Software that is distributed without payment but is limited in functionality unless purchased.
    • Open Source Software: Software for which source code is made available under a copyright license that meets the definition of the Open Source Initiative.

    Technology & Telecommunication

    Sites which provide information pertaining to computers, the Internet as well as telecommunication. Examples include:

    • Software solutions and services
    • Computer and telecommunication hardware, devices and gadgets
    • Internet and phone access services
    • Technology news

    Remote Access

    Sites offering software/services that allow a computer or portable device to remotely control or monitor another computer or device via the internet or another network. Consumers can use these applications to control remote PC desktops (or access and transfer files) while help desks and IT administrators can use them for remote technical troubleshooting or software updating. Examples include:

    • Commercial, open source or freeware remote desktop applications or services.

    Note: not included in this category are web conferencing and webinar sites, VPN (virtual private networks) sites, and online backup sites.

  • Entertainment

    which relate to the entertainment industry. Examples include:

    • Official websites of movies, film studios, TV stations and programs, theater or Broadway shows
    • Official websites and fan sites about celebrities (actors, actresses, etc.) as well as fictional characters and shows
    • Entertainment portals offering news, reviews, show times
    • Online shopping for entertainment products such as DVDs, movie and concert tickets
    • Bars/pubs

    Gaming

    Sites which allow users to place bets or participate in a betting pool (including lotteries) online; obtain information, assistance or recommendations for placing bets; receive instructions, assistance or training on participating in games of chance. Examples include:

    • Online casinos, online betting (anywhere a user can place a bet), online lotteries, games of chance
    • Handicappers, odds, tips, "picks"
    • Sports gambling, "sports books", bookies
    • Charity gambling or fundraising (for example, the Red Cross sponsors an online lottery to raise money)
    • Gambling books and information or how-to-play guides
    • Online gambling magazines
    • Lotteries and lottery numbers
    • Gambling portal pages and online gambling directories

    Kids

    Sites which provide a safe and interesting Internet experience for children under 12 years of age. Examples include:

    • Activities and crafts
    • Coloring/artwork
    • Interactive learning, information for school projects, sites to answer children's questions and thirst of knowledge
    • Homepages of popular books; publishers of children's books; book discussion with other kids
    • Official sites of comic heroes, publishing houses, fan-sites made for kids
    • Age appropriate gaming portals
    • Age appropriate homepages of singers and pop groups, online archives, downloads
    • Homepages of children's shows, movies, TV stations, producers
    • Homepages of clubs, leagues, associations. Publications on sports. Educational sites on rules/regulations. History and background information.
    • Age appropriate portals, directories, search, technical help and tutoring
    • "Cool" sites for kids - sites associated with currently fashionable topics like Harry Potter or Lord of the Rings. Popular "cool" sites (voted on by children - as offered by several kid portals) like virtual zoos, magic, etc.

    Mobile Entertainment

    Sites which offer a range of add-ons for handheld devices like ringtones, wallpapers, games, videos

    Music

    Sites related to the music industry. Examples include:

      • Radio websites
      • Band/artist pages
      • Music fan sites
      • Music reviews
      • Music studios, venues, record labels, promotional sites
      • Lyrics, tablature, sheet music
  • Internet

    Automated Web Application:

    Sites which allow a computer to automatically open an http connection for various reasons including checking for operating system or application updates.

    Online Backup and File Storage

    Sites which provide the ability to backup or upload data files to the internet providing long term storage, access from other computers or locations, or the ability to share data files with other users. This category specifically excludes dedicated photo/video sharing sites. Examples include:

    • Free and paid file hosting/storage sites
    • Personal or Business online backup services

    Online Backup and File Storage

    Sites which provide the ability to backup or upload data files to the internet providing long term storage, access from other computers or locations, or the ability to share data files with other users. This category specifically excludes dedicated photo/video sharing sites. Examples include:

    • Free and paid file hosting/storage sites
    • Personal or Business online backup services

    Hosting

    Sites which provide individuals or organizations with online systems for storing information, images, video, or any content accessible via the Web. Examples include:

    • Free and paid hosting
    • Dedicated or managed hosting
    • Virtual private server hosting
    • Online backup or file storage

    Placeholder

    Sites which are typically owned by domain name registrars, domain brokers or Internet advertising publishers. They usually display dynamically generated content with the intent to monetize on traffic through linked advertising listings. Examples include:

    • Domains for sale
    • Parked domains
    • Expired domains
    • Domains under construction
    • Sites that are "coming soon"

    Portal

    Sites which offer a broad array of resources and services, such as email, forums, search engines, and on-line shopping malls. Portals typically publish their own content or collate multiple sources of information for many areas such as news, entertainment, sports, technology, and finance.

  • Politics & Views

    Cults

    Sites which promote prominent organized modern religious groups that are identified as a "cult" by three or more authoritative sources*. Examples include:

    • The Church of Satan
    • Aum Shinrikyo
    • The Hare Krishna movement
    • The Family
    • The Unification Church
    • Branch Davidians
    • Scientologists

    *Sources:

    • ICSA (International Cultic Studies Association) http://www.icsahome.com
      Description: A non-profit, tax-exempt research center whose research comes from volunteer professionals ranging from fields in journalism, education, society, law enforcement, etc.
    • CESNUR (Center for Studies on New Religions) http://www.cesnur.org/
      Description: Associations of scholars working in the field of new religious movements; they operate independent of any church, denomination or religion.
    • University of Virginia - "Religious Movements" page
      http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/profiles/listalpha.htm
      Description: A scholarly source consisting of mainly student's research, it appears- and claims- to be one of the most current sources
    • Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, http://www.religioustolerance.com/
      Description: scholarly collection of researched topics and elaborate categorization of all belief systems

    Government

    Sites which are sponsored by government branches or agencies. Examples include:

    • Local and State Government
    • Health and Social Services
    • Elections
    • Employment
    • Public Safety and Services
    • Embassies and Consulates

    Hate

    Sites which advocate hostility or aggression toward an individuals or groups on the basis of race, religion, gender, nationality, ethnic origin, or other involuntary characteristics; sites which denigrate others on the basis of those characteristics or justifies inequality on the basis of those characteristics; sites which purport to use scientific or other commonly accredited methods to justify said aggression, hostility or denigration. Examples include:

    • Racism
    • Anti-Semitism
    • Homophobia
    • Misogyny/Anti-feminism
    • White Power/White separatism
    • Holocaust denial

    Military

    Sites which are sponsored by military branches or agencies as well as official and personal sites related to military history, ideology, or specific branches of the military.

    Occult

    Sites which promote or offer methods, means of instruction, or other resources to affect or influence real events through the use of spells, curses, magic powers or supernatural beings. Examples include:

    • Magic spells and curses, encompassing both self-defined "black" and "white" magic
    • Chaos Magick, Crowley, Golden Dawn, Ordo Templi Orientalis
    • Demonolatry (worship of demons)
    • Witchcraft and its practices, rituals and activities, including Wiccan magic, Pagan/neo-Pagan magic. Asatru (Odinism)
    • Vodun (Voodoo/Santeria)
    • Herbs, tools or paraphernalia for casting spells, summoning demons, or engaging in other magical behavior or activities

    Politics

    Sites which relate to politicians, election campaigns, political organizations and publications. Includes official homepages of politicians and political parties as well as personal sites about politics and grass-root movements.

    Religion

    Sites which are about religion as any set of beliefs and practices that have the function of addressing the fundamental questions of human identity, ethics, death, and the existence of the Divine.

  • Sexual

    Art Nudes

    Sites which contain the non-pornographic, tasteful, and artful display of the naked body. The main purpose of these sites is NOT sexual arousal.

    Child Abuse Images and Content (CAIC):

    Sites hosting illegal child abuse images and content anywhere in the world. Sourced from the Internet Watch Foundation (www.iwf.org.uk).

    Lifestyle

    Sites which contain general material relevant to sexual orientation. This will include pages dedicated to the groups* themselves, discussions, issues, clubs, personal home pages that address or support sexual orientation lifestyle choices. These are sites mainly by target group members for target group members. Discussions and issues that are of an explicitly mature nature are not part of this category.

    *The specific TARGET groups in question are gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender and are subsequently referred to as "GLBT"

    Examples include:

    • Sites dedicated to GLBT orientation issues, resources, outreach, including portals, clubs, associations, personal sites (personal home pages), activism, etc.
    • Religion, political, legal and news sources that accept, promote, or wholly address target groups. Incorporates politics (politicians and their platforms, PACs*, lobby groups); political issues (legality of gay rights, adoption, marriage, health/wellness (ACT-UP)); legal rulings or precedents
    • Family, adoption, or marriage/partner concerns and rights within target groups
    • All chat pages devoted to GLBT issues, regardless of stated or implied chat subject(s). (Gay politics chat, lesbian mothering chat, bisexual rights chat, etc.)
    • GLBT advice; sites that echoice, including cross-dressing, youth pages and "genderqueer" categories (excludes intersexual issues, i.e. the medical discussions, treatments, theories etc. surrounding children born with indeterminate genitalia); incorporates hormone therapy, elective gender reassignment, personal accounts, mental/emotional health issues and similar specifically related items
    • Exclusively discuss sexual orientation issues, coming out; how to address one's orientation with friends and family, etc. This does not include discussions that are mainly mature in nature
    • Transgender lifestyles by choice, including cross-dressing, youth pages and 'genderqueer' categories (excludes intersexual issues, i.e. the medical discussions, treatments, theories etc. surrounding children born with indeterminate genitalia); incorporates hormone therapy, elective gender reassignment, personal accounts, mental/emotional health issues and similar specifically related items

    Mature Content

    Sites which contain sexually explicit information that is not of a medical or scientific nature. Examples include:

    • Discussions or descriptions of sexual techniques or exercises
    • Sexual relationship counseling
    • Products to improve one's sex life
    • Explicit discussions of sex and sexuality
    • Sexual orientation issues
    • Lingerie sales
    • Nudism/Naturism
    • Sites that refer to themselves as nudist sites, but which are actually thinly disguised porn sites are not part of Mature Content, but are covered by the Pornography category.

    Pornography

    Sites which contain sexually explicit material for the purpose of arousing a sexual or prurient interest. Examples include:

    • Sex chat rooms
    • Sex portals
    • Pornography thumbnail/picpost sites
    • Online pornographic magazines
    • Pornographic picture galleries (general and topic-specific)
    • Pornographic fiction/erotica
    • Phone sex/live video
    • Adult services/escort services/strippers/mistresses
    • Adult personals ads/Adult-themed dating services
    • Sex toys/marital aids/videos, CD-ROMs, books, fetish clothing
  • Webmail

    Enterprise Webmail

    Sites which provide online e-mail services. Examples include:

    • Free web e-mail services from Yahoo, Hotmail, Google, etc.
    • Software for providing webmail services
    • ISP e-mail access via web mail interface
    • Web mail provided as part of free or paid hosting services
    • Business, school, or institutional mail accessed via a web mail interface

    Webmail

    Sites which provide free, web-based email services, accessible through any Internet browser.